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In simplest terms, Transit-Oriented Developments (TODs) are compact, moderate to high intensity and density, mixed use areas within one half mile of a transit stop or station that is designed to maximize walking trips and access to transit. They also are characterized by streetscapes and an urban form oriented to pedestrians to promote walking trip to stations and varied other uses within station areas. One quarter-mile and one-half mile distances represent a 5 to 10 minute walk time, which is the amount of time most people are willing to walk to a destination. The most intense and dense development is typically located within the one quarter mile radius (transit core). Developments' intensities and densities gradually decrease out to the one-half mile radius (transit neighborhood) and the one mile radius (transit supportive area). The transit core, the transit neighborhood, and the transit supportive area are depicted in the image below.
The Florida Department of Transportation is focusing on the development of TOD strategies and guidance to promote land use policies and designs to leverage statewide investments in multimodal transportation systems. Phase I of the TOD planning effort is complete with the publication of A Framework for TOD in Florida. Phase II is currently ongoing and involves the development of a Handbook containing model land use policies and land development codes in support of TOD. The Framework and Handbook are designed to be used in partnership with the FDOT to assist in promoting multimodal system planning and managing congestion on state roadways, especially on the Strategic Intermodal System (SIS). By focusing land use and urban design policies towards transit, local governments can help optimize future transit investments and potential transit ridership.